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Phonics and Early Reading


High quality phonics teaching lies at the heart of our early education, securing the crucial skills of word recognition that, once mastered, enable children to read fluently and automatically. Once children are fluent readers, they are able to concentrate on the meaning of the text and make the shift between learning to read and reading to learn. Reading is seen as a skill so essential to access the world around them.


At St Patrick’s we follow the Sounds-Write programme to teach phonics. We aim to ensure that all children are fluent readers by the time they leave KS1. All adults involved with teaching phonics have attended a 4-day training programme on the delivery of Sounds Write. Our reading scheme in Reception and Year One is entirely decodable, using Sounds-Write texts and Phonics Dandelion Readers.



Phonics and Spelling


The Sounds-Write programme is used to teach phonics and spelling. All pupils in Reception begin the initial code in the September of their Reception year. They continue on their phonics journey throughout Year One and into Year Two, with the aim of leaving KS1 as fluent readers, secure in word building and recognition.


We explicitly teach the 3 skills of:


• Blending
• Segmenting
• Phoneme manipulation (sound swapping)


The children are taught to decode and encode by understanding 4 clear concepts:


• Letters are symbols that represent sounds that they say
• Sounds can be spelt using 1,2,3 and 4 letters – f, oa, air, eight
• The same sound can be spelt in different ways – bone, coat, toe, window, shoulder
• The same spelling can represent different sounds – bread, eat, great


All adults in school use the same consistent, concise language about sounds and spelling when teaching. We say that the letters spell sounds they do not say sounds.


We use phrases such as:


• In this word…
• If this was…this would be…
• This can spell…what else can it spell?
• Say the sounds and read the word.
• Where should children be at this point?
• Where are they going to next?
• What sounds do children know?


Consistency of time and resources are applied very effectively to support the teaching of daily phonics. The discrete teaching of phonics and reading has become a natural and everyday part of every aspect of the curriculum.


Progress in phonics is monitored half termly, including lesson visits and pupil progress discussions. Progress of all pupils is tracked using Phonics Tracker.


Pupils in EYFS and KS1 are given additional support as required to master their phonics. Pupils in KS2, who have gaps in the phonics, continue to be supported through timely and effective intervention and decodable readers for older pupils.



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St. Patrick’s Catholic Primary School

Smith Street


Tel: 0191 523 5050


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Bishop Chadwick Catholic Education Trust

Evolve Business Centre
Cygnet Way,
Rainton Bridge South Business Park
Tyne & Wear

Bishop Chadwick Catholic Education Trust